The heritage of the museum is a mirror of the systematic research carried out by the museum's experts during over 45 years of existence. The collection of the museum consists of a core of valuable pieces which have been gathered by passionate collectors since the beginning of the 20th century. The collection has been enriched by an impressive number of pieces from the systematic rescue researches undertaken in the rural areas in southeastern Transylvania, especially after 1990. If in 1985 the museum owned about 5,000 pieces, their number rises now to over 35,000. There have thus been created thematic collections, characterized by diversity, authenticity, representability, which illustrate the ethnological heritage specific to southeastern Transylvania.

In the research topics, special attention was given to the traditional costume and decorative textiles in the peasant household. The textile heritage collection is the largest collection of the museum owing to its number of pieces and value: about 12,000 pieces classified into two categories: the indoor textile collection and the costume collection. The rest of the pieces are distributed into other thematic collections: painted furniture, pastoral and agricultural tools, handicraft tools, glass icons, painted eggs, glass ("glajă"), ceramics. A recent orientation is directed to making collections that document urban civilization.

 A large number of valuable pieces are found in the documentary fund of the museum, which includes old publications, postcards, documents, photographs. The museum also has a rich special library.

 The archive of ethnological witnesses (photographs, audio and video recordings made on field research) will set up an independent collection in the future.

Ceramics

Costume

Glass

Icons on glass