The custom of the ‘’Junii’’ (Young Men) of the old Şchei district of Braşov has its origin in our traditional mentality, according to which the group of young men plays a premonitory role. It is connected to the celebration of spring and the renewing of nature, to fertility rituals and those of the initiation of the young people when passing from one age category to another.

 The active role is played by the ‘’Junii Tineri’’ / ‘’Young Junii’’ (the younger unmarried men) who, through the ritual, cross the whole year within a 10-day period. The traditional ‘’Surla’’ (kind of whistle) announces the arrival of spring. The ritual itineraries to the roadside crosses have apotropaic valences meant to purify the space and to expel the evil forces of the old year. Sprinkling girls with perfume and going for red eggs on the second Easter day as well as taking out girls to dancing are fertility rituals.

The complex of cyclical ritual gestures - the junii's hora (Romanian round dance), throwing the mace and the blanket tossing (when men are thrown in the air on a blanket) belong to the category of initiation practices, intensifying the symbolic role of the Young Junii.


The funeral ceremony of burying the bailiff on the fifth Easter day symbolizes the burial of the old year. It is followed on ‘’Duminica Tomii’’ (the first Sunday after the Orthodox Easter) by corteges on horseback and feasts attended by the entire community.

The originality of this custom consists in the multiplication of the ‘’Young Junii’’ in several groups of older young married men with civic attributions of strengthening the Romanian community: ‘’Bătrânii’’ / the ‘’Old Junii’’ - the older young men (Pe Tocile), ‘’Curcanii’’ / the ‘’Turkey Junii’’ ("from the Coast"), ‘’Dorobanţii’’ / the ‘’Soldiers Junii’’ ("from the Coast and from the Meadow"), ‘’Albiorii" / the ‘’Whitish Junii’’ (Prundului and Pe Tocile area), ‘’Roşiorii’’ / the ‘’Red Junii’’ or the ‘’Horseman Junii’’ (Cacova area), and ‘’Braşovechenii’’ / the ‘’Junii of the old Braşov’’ (Bartolomeu neighborhood and Lungă Street).